The reconstructed location of continents and oceans in the Paleocene and Eocene time (66-34 million years ago) agrees quite well with the geography of the ancient world ("sacred geography") described in many ancient Indian texts ("Vishnu Purana", "Bhagavata Purana", " Yoga Sutra ',' Vyasa Bhashya "and others), the sacred book of the Zoroastrians 'Avesta' and Buddhist scriptures. According to these sources, the writings of which date from between the second millennium BC to the first millennium AD, the ancient world in which demigods (Adityas) and serpent people lived consisted of seven continents and seven oceans.
The geography of the ancient world in the "Yoga Sutra"and "Vyasa Bhashya":
This is how the geography of the ancient world is described in the "Yoga Sutra" Patanjali and "Vyasa Bhashya":
«Vasumathi [Earth] with its seven continents, most centrally located stands the golden queen mountain Sumeru ... the southern part of the sky above is a dark-blue color ...; in the east it is white, the western sky is more transparent ...; the northern sky is more purple.
On the southern slope of Sumeru blooms the Jambu tree, which gives its name to the continent - Jambudvipa [Hyperborea]. Day and night follows each other as the movement of the sun dictates, as if it were attached to the top of Sumeru.
To the north of it [are] three mountain ranges with blue and white tips .... Between them are three known as ...: Ramanaka, Hiranmaya and Uttara Kuru.
To the south [of Sumeru] [are the mountain ranges of] Nishadha, Xe Macoutes and Himashayla. Between them are three areas called Harivarsha, Kimpurusha and Bharata [India].
To the east of Sumeru [lying area] Bhadrashva is surrounded by the [mountains] of Malyavat and in the western [region] Ketumala is surrounded by the [mountains] Gandhamadana. In the center [in the area] is Ilavrata.
And so this [continent Jambu] ... extends in all directions from Sumeru .... The continent Jambu is surrounded by ... a salty ocean, which is concentric and exceeds twice the [size of Jambudvipa]. Other continents are called Shaka, Kush, Krauncha, Shalmali, Magadha and gunners, each twice the [previous one in size]. They have beautiful hills .... [Their wash] seven seas ...
The Geography of the Ancient World in the "Bhagavata Purana"
But it is characterized in the sacred geography fifth song called "Bhagavata Purana":
"These seven oceans divide Bhu-mandala [Earth] into seven islands .... Bhu-mandala resembles a lotus flower, and its seven islands resemble an open flower ... Jambudvipa [Hyperborea] ... is located in the middle of the cup ... Jambudvipa is round, like a lotus leaf ... Jambudvipa is divided into nine areas ... The boundaries of these areas are marked by eight mountains that carefully separate them from each other ...
One of these areas, or Warsch is called Ilavritoy and is located in the middle of the cup of the Lotus ... Farther north is Ilavrita-varsha - there are three mountains: the Nile, Shweta and Shringavan. They mark the boundaries of three other Warsch - Ramyaki, Hiranmai and Kuru - and separate them from each other ... in length they extend to the west and to the east up to the shores of the ocean of salt water ...
…к... South of Ilavrita-varsha are three huge mountains, which stretch from east to west and are called (counting from the north to the south) Nishadhoy, Hemakutoy and Himalaey .... They form the borders of three Warsch: Hari-varsha, Kimpurushi-varsha and Bharata-varsha [India] ...
Located in Ilavrita-varsha are two huge mountains, which are called, respectively, Malyavanom and Gandhamadanoy. These two mountains ... all the way down to the mountain of the Nile in the north and the south Nishadhe. They mark the boundaries of Ilavrita-varsha and Warsch Ketumala and Bhadrashva .... ".
The Geography of the Ancient World in the "Vishnu Purana"
Similar descriptions are given in the sacred geography of "Vishnu Purana":
"The World of Mount Meru .... [In the world] ... there are seven island continents. The central one is a round and flat land called Jambudvipa [Hyperborea]. The second continent Plaksha (or Gomedaka) washes the sea ... Ikshu. A third continent Shalmali is encircled by the sea ... Sarah. A fourth continent, called Kush is surrounded by the sea ... Sarpis. The fifth continent, named Kraunchha - Sea ... Dadhi. Six Continents Svetadvipa washes ... Sea ksira (or Dudh). The seventh Continent Pushkar is surrounded by a huge round sea of clean water called Jala. This sea borders with the land of the highest mountains of Lokalaka ... ".
Elsewhere, in the aforementioned fifth song "Bhagavata Purana" it says:
"According to some erudite scholars, Jambudvipa is surrounded by eight islands that are smaller in size ... called Svarnaprastha, Chandrashukla, Avartana, Ramanaka, Mandaraharina, Panchadzhanya, and Simhala Lanka." Симхала и Ланка».
The Geography of the Ancient World in Jain Religious Teachings
There are very interesting ideas about sacred geography contained in the Jain religious and philosophical teachings.
According to the ideas in the Book of Dyzan, in the center of the world was found the continent of Jambudvipa (Hyperborea), which was located within the boundaries of the other continents and oceans. In the center of Jambudvipa stood a world mountain called Meru or Mandara.
Jambudvipa was divided from west to east by six mountain ranges in the seven earths: in the extreme south was Bharaha or Bharatavarsa (India), in the north was Eravaya Airavata. A central band called Mahavideha occupied land to the south of which lay the ground Harivarsha and Haymavatavarsha and to the north Ramyakavarsha Hayranyavatavarsha. In the center of the mountain ranges Mahavidehi was located diverging over the intermediate sides of the world, which divides the two countries of Uttarakuru and Devakuru. Along the circumference of Jambudvipa towered high walls and a grid. Along the wall and the grid were located four gates oriented to the cardinal.
Jambudvipa Lavanoda was the surrounding ocean, which had four island chains, called Antaradvipa and islands belonging to the moons, suns and the god Lavanody - Sushthite.
Next is the continent Dhatakikhanda. North and south mountain ranges divided it in half ... This was followed by an ocean and the continent Kaloda Pushkaradvipa, which was divided into two equal parts by a circular mountain range Manushottara ... Then came other oceans and continents. Another continent and the ocean were called Svayambhuramana.
According to Buddhist cosmography Jambudvipa the continent was located to the south of Mount Sumeru and had the shape of a chariot.
Comparison of the sacred geography with paleo-geodynamic reconstructions
The identification of most of these ancient continents or islands with modern continents and islands is quite difficult. It is not easy to understand the reason why in some texts there are not seven but eight, nine (as in the "Bhagavata Purana") or even twelve continents described.
Perhaps some of them were not continents but larger islands. Another possibility is the different number of continents, referred to in ancient Indian texts, is a reflection of different slices of time describing the geography of the Earth. After all, during the 32 million years of the Paleocene and Eocene epochs the world changed dramatically.
In his comments to the "Bhagavata Purana" the translator Prabhupada associates descriptions in the Purana epics of Lanka with Brazil. This means Lanka could be South America. Other ancient descriptions apparently represented the ancient continents of North America, Asia, Africa, Australia and Antarctica. However, their detailed descriptions in ancient Indian literature has survived.
Jambudvipa - Hyperborea in the Paleocene and Eocene
But in many ancient texts the Jambudvipa continent is described in great detail as being surrounded by ocean, and as having a rounded shape and extending south to India (or Tibet). At its center was Mount Meru (Sumeru), which is identified with the center of the world, or the North Pole. This continent could only be Hyperborea and could only have existed in Paleocene time (when there was no inland sea at its center) or Eocene time (when Mount Meru at the center of an inland sea).
In any case, it did not exist until 66 million years at the earliest and not later than 34 million years ago (probably closer to 45-40 million years ago). Thus, the heyday of Jambudvipa or Hyperborean was during the "Golden Age."
Detailed description of the geography of Jambudvipa (Hyperborea) in ancient Indian literature suggests that it existed at the time of a high civilization, when good mapping techniques were available and excellent records were kept about their country over the next 40 or even 60 million years. (This was possible due to the very long life spans of the intelligent beings or ‘people’ that existed back then).
This is also confirmed by the description in the ancient Persian "Avesta" of a central continent Hvaniraty (Hyperborea), inhabited by people and separated from the rest by continental waters and dense forests. In mid Hvaniraty (Hyperborea) rose the highest mountain Hara (Meru), around which the sun still shone overhead, as if there was always daylight such as at noon time.
© AV Koltypin, 2009
© LA Fitzpatrick, 2013 (translation)
We, A. Koltypin the author of this work, and L.Fitzpatrick the translator of this work, give permission to use this for anypurpose except prohibited by applicable law, on condition that our authorship and hyperlink to the site http://earthbeforeflood.com is given
Read my works "Atlantis, Hyperborea, Lemuria, Mu - really existing continents, long ago known to geologists. Once again to the need for reform of education in natural science", "Svarga (Jambudvipa, Hyperborea). The world where gods lived", "V.Perri. Forgotten world. A buried landscape of Atlantis (Hyperborea) is discovered?", "White Island, "High Gobi Civilization" and Jambudvipa (Hyperborea)", "The earliest maps of Earth (Piri Reis, Oronce Fine, Gerardus Mercator, Philippe Bauche and other cartographers) were charted in the Palaeogene", "Where were the Islands of Immortals?", and other works, announced in "Hyperborea - Northern Native Land of Mankind"